[photo via Wiki]

Luxor is one of the great ancient cities in Egypt and is widely regarded as the world’s greatest open air museum. Originally, Luxor was called Thebes and dedicated to the ancient Egyptian god Amon-Ra. In Luxor there are six temples: Goornah, Deir-el-Bahri, the Ramesseum, Medinet Habu, Karnak and the Luxor Temple.

luxor egypt

[photo via Richard Seaman]

The Luxor Temple is located on the east bank of the Nile river. The temple was built out of sandstone by King Amenhotep III and dedicated to Amon-Re, the king of the gods, Mut and Khons. This temple was the centerpiece for the festival Opet which served to reconcile the human aspect with of the pharaoh with divine powers. During the festival, bread, beer and cake were distributed.

luxor valley of the kings

[photo via Wiki]

Across the bank lies the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens. This is where the majority of the royal tombs were buried together. Over the years, several new pits have been discovered and archeologists as well as historians are still learning about the site.

Luxor,_Medinet_Habu,_Egypt,_Oct_2004_A

[photo via Wiki]

The Medinet Habu, more commonly called the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III, is a massive structure on the West Bank of the Nile River in Luxor. The most important part of this temple is the inscription on the walls describing the war between the Ancient Egyptians and the “Sea Peoples” who were possibly from southern Europe. The entire precinct measures 700 feet by 1000 feet while the temple itself measures 150 feet long. Inside the precinct are over 75,000 square feet of decorated walls, most of which were preserved well.

luxor egypt

[photo via Arte Historia Egipto]

The Ramesseum is a temple dedicated to Ramesses II located near the floodplains of the Nile River in Luxor. Traditionally, a temple in ancient is dedicated to the pharaoh who was considered god on earth. After the pharaoh dies, the temple serves as a solid record of the king’s life.

Is Luxor on your must-see list?

Gabbi Ewing is a rising junior studying Journalism as well as Film & Television at NYU. She is a New Jersey native who enjoys traveling, writing, skiing, and swimming. She hopes to travel the world, but her next adventure is taking her to Sydney, Australia to study with NYU. She aspires to work for National Geographic or Discovery Channel and to use her film, photography and writing skills to help people experience new cultures and places that they don't have the opportunity to travel to themselves.

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